Help is a gesture of compassion, in everyday language. But in international relations, it is so often a geopolitical tool, used by states to influence others and thus achieve their interests. Whatever the objectives of the States when granting aid, the Ukrainian crisis was an opportunity to channel aid.
The President of Ukraine appealed to the world community: “We need heavy artillery, armed vehicles, air defense systems and combat aircraft – everything to repel Russian forces and put an end to their crimes of war”.
It is usually a cry for help and many states such as UK, USA, Australia, Canada, France, Poland, Sweden, Finland and Norway responded as they could, either in the form of arms deliveries or humanitarian aid.
Armaments and humanitarian aid from Europe to Ukraine
Ukraine is not a member state of the European Union. Yet it has received considerable support from the EU. Many European countries have really changed their own policies and previous commitments in order to support Ukraine.
Since the Soviet Union invaded Finland in 1939, Sweden, for example, has not provided military aid to a country at war. Likewise, Germany has a policy of providing only non-lethal aid to conflict areas. Both countries now supply military weapons to Ukraine.
By transferring up to 2,000 M72 anti-tank guns, Norway reverses a policy of not supplying belligerent countries. The EU contribution was not limited to military aid. They had also provided humanitarian aid.
The EU announced that 10,000 free beds in EU hospitals had been “reserved” for Ukrainians and the first Ukrainian war wounded had been delivered to EU hospitals.
On April 13, 2022, the European Peace Facility increased military funding to €1.5 billion, which includes personal protective equipment, first aid kits and fuel, in addition to military hardware.
In terms of monetary returns, EU Member States contributed 2.9 billion, to which are added 1.4 billion from EU institutions and 2 billion from the European Investment Bank.
Aid from NATO and the United States
NATO members have provided Ukraine with millions of dollars in military aid since Russia launched the invasion.
The United States had earmarked a percentage of its income for Ukrainian military aid. According to the Kiel Institute for the World Economy’s Ukraine Support Tracker, which tracks pledges of military, financial and humanitarian aid to Ukraine, Washington gave kyiv the equivalent of 7.6 billion euros within four weeks of the Russian incursion on February 24.
Speaking to reporters after a meeting of Western allies on April 21, US President Joe Biden announced that the United States planned to help Ukraine with an $800 million military aid package.
The package consists of 72mm turret howitzers with 44,000 rounds, 121 Phoenix Ghost tactical drones and a lower capacity version of the Switchblade designed for rapid export to Ukraine.
With regard to humanitarian aid, the United States has allocated US$1 billion for food and medical aid in Ukraine. Disturbed by overwhelming aid to Ukraine,
Russian Defense and Chief Sergei Shigu observed that “the United States and Western states under its control are doing everything to prolong the military operation as long as possible”.
Support for refugees:
The Ukrainian situation has caused an influx of refugees. According to the United Nations, more than 5 million people have fled Ukraine since Russia launched its war. The majority of them have been hosted by neighboring countries, with Poland currently hosting 2.8 million refugees and Romania, Hungary and Moldova a total of 1.9 million.
France had taken in around 7,500 refugees. The French government had set up a website to help connect families offering accommodation with charities. According to the Federal Police, nearly 100,000 refugees have been hosted by Germany.
The German government had also given the new arrivals the right to work. In a unanimous vote, the EU agreed to let most Ukrainians live, work and study across the bloc for up to three years.
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Ukraine War: kyiv’s allies promise more weapons to help win the war. (2022, April 20). BBC. Retrieved April 23, 2022 from the BBC
Which country gave the most money to Ukraine? (2022, April 19). Euro news. Retrieved April 23, 2022 from Euro News